In this detailed interview, Akeel Bilgrami discusses a wide range of issues of intellectual and contemporary importance such as the relationship between Gandhi and Marx, issues of modernity, Chomsky`s philosophy, personal influences, academic philosophy in India, secularism, secularism, caste and current politics in India, Hindutva politics and the criminal threat of the current government , the political challenge of Hindutva and the ways of resistance. and the importance of left-wing politics. Gandhi seems almost alone among social and political thinkers when he strongly opposes the rigid dichotomy between goals and means and takes care of the means in his extreme moral work insofar as they offer the scale of reference and not the objectives. He was led to this position by accepting satya and ahimsa, truth and non-violence, as a double absolute moral and his coherent vision of their relationship. In Hind Swaraj, he wrote that even the great men considered religious committed serious crimes because they mistakenly believed that there was no moral connection or interdependence between means and end. You can`t have a rose when you plant a weed. “Drugs can be compared to a seed, the end with a tree; and there is exactly the same intangible link between means and the end as between the seed and the tree.┬áIt is not as if violence and non-violence are just other ways to achieve the same goal. Since they differ morally in quality and essence, they must necessarily achieve different results. 2. A common agreement between Gandhism and Marxism is (Response- A) Gandhi is firmly convinced that education is not the end in itself, but the most powerful weapon that creates all authentic characters.

There is a degeneration of training when the qualities of truthfulness, firmness, tolerance are absent from it. True education is a life process that helps cultivate the spirit of cooperation, tolerance, public spirit and responsibility. All these characteristics are considered disciplines for the development of human personality. Such disciplines can create a harmonious balance between the individual and the social goal of education. Its “Learning by doing” principle attempts to stimulate the individual`s mind towards creative, autonomous and critical thinking. Its main priority on the culture of work for students, from primary to higher level, is to allow students to start production from the moment of their training. His main information on basic education is therefore the head, the heart and the hand rather than reading, writing and numeracy. According to Gandhi, the main purpose of religion is to establish an one-by-one interaction between God and men.