Joe Biden, Trump`s opponent in the 2020 U.S. presidential election, welcomed the agreement because it “builds on the efforts of several governments to promote broader Arab-Israeli openness, including the Obama Biden administration`s efforts to build on the Arab peace initiative.” [42] Luxembourg Foreign Minister Jean Asselborn, on the other hand, questioned the fact that the agreement would bring stability to the region and said that there would be no stability without a two-state solution and said that the United Arab Emirates had abandoned the Palestinians with the agreement. [122] The State Department then issued a statement on its part in which it stated that it was not critical of the peace agreement, but stressed that it was important for Arab states, especially the Gulf States, to support a Palestinian state in accordance with the two-state solution. [123] On 13 August 2020, uae Foreign Minister Anwar Gargash announced the UNITED Arab Emirates agreement on normalizing relations with Israel and said his country wanted to address the threats to the two-state solution, particularly the annexation of the Palestinian territories, and ask the Palestinians and Israelis to return to the negotiating table. He suggested that he did not think there would be an embassy in Jerusalem until there was a final agreement between the Palestinians and the Israelis. [30] According to US President Donald Trump and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, “Israel and the United Arab Emirates will completely normalize diplomatic relations. They will exchange embassies and ambassadors and begin working together in all areas such as tourism, education, health, trade and security. [31] “You have courageously confronted the tyrants of Tehran, you have proposed a realistic vision for peace between Israel and the Palestinians, and you have successfully conveyed the historic peace we are signing today,” Netanyahu said. The official of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), Hanan Ashrawi, criticized the agreement and wrote on Twitter: “Israel has been rewarded for not explaining openly what it has done illegally and persistently to Palestine since the beginning of the occupation.” [6] Fatah accused the United Arab Emirates of “despising their national, religious and humanitarian duties” towards the Palestinian people, while Hamas declared it a “traitor sting in the back of the Palestinian people”[6], saying that the agreement was a “free reward” for the “crimes and violations of the Palestinian people”.

[40] in the Begon) establish peace, diplomatic and friendly relations, cooperation and the complete normalization of relations between them and their peoples, in accordance with this treaty, and together chart a new path to exploit the immense potential of their countries and the region; The head of the Israeli settler group Yesha Council, David Elhayani,[he], accused Mr. Netanyahu of “betraying” some of his most loyal supporters and of “deceiving half a million people in the region and hundreds of thousands of voters.” Oded Revivi [he], the mayor of Efrat, a settlement of more than 9,000 people south of Jerusalem, supported Netanyahu, arguing that “the Israeli agreement to defer the application of Israeli law in the Jewish settlements of Judea and Samaria was a fair price to pay,” adding that it could change the way settlements are viewed. [40] Beit El Settlement Mayor Shai Alon and Shomron Regional Council President Yossi Dagan also criticized the agreement. [37] The Abraham Agreement was a joint declaration between Israel, the United Arab Emirates and the United States, which was adopted on August 13, 2020. [1] Subsequently, it was also used to refer collectively to the agreements between Israel and the United Arab Emirates (the standardization agreement between Israel and the United Arab Emirates) and Bahrain (the Bahrain-Israel Standardization Agreement). [2] In the months leading up to the agreement, Israel had secretly collaborated with the United Arab Emirates to combat the COVID 19 pandemic.